This course introduces candidates to the field of abnormal behavior with emphasis on psychopathological conditions, their diagnosis, and treatment strategies throughout the life cycle. Personality theories and counseling approaches will be matched with appropriate psychopathologies. Emphasis will be on the use of the DSM V of the American Psychiatric Association with a focus on differential diagnosis and acquaintance with associated disorders of the primary diagnoses via case studies.

Development of knowledge and skills needed for effective client appraisal. Emphasis is on learning how to gather data and make interpretations of individuals, groups, and case studies. Emphasis will be on sensitizing the student to individual differences in gender, culture, ethnicity, and environmental factors that affect test results.

The purpose of this course is to acquaint students with the issues and implications of dying, death and loss in their own lives and in the lives of their clients. Death and loss will impact each of us personally and professionally throughout our lives. Counselors must be prepared for this impact both because of its importance with regard to "self-care" and because regardless of whether or not you specifically serve the terminally ill and the bereaved, you will encounter clients facing death or loss during the course of your career. This seminar presents an overview of the basic historical and cultural issues related to our efforts to grapple with dying and death and explores the social processes by which we recognize, understand, and allow grief in our culture (and others). This seminar will present opportunities for self-exploration and reflection on this difficult topic so that candidates can gain a better understanding of how best to work with people who are dying and/or grieving. Theories on loss and grief processes will be explored as well as established best practice models for evaluating, assessing and treating clients with terminal illness, their family members, and the bereaved. 

This course is designed to help candidates develop a personal framework for ethical action and to become more effective in addressing ethical issues in the field of professional counseling. Emphasis will be placed on understanding and identifying relevant legal and ethical issues in mental health counseling, including ethical decision-making protocols. This course will use the Ethical Standards of the American Counseling Association (ACA) and its affiliates and the Michigan Licensure Board rules and ethical standards to build a theoretical framework for approaching ethical dilemmas in a systematic way. This course is intended to deepen awareness of new and emerging ethical issues and provide the tools necessary for ethical practice in the field. 

This course will facilitate the study of the psychological dynamics of small groups, including the stages of group development and variables that affect leader effectiveness; practice with a variety of active group techniques. Emphasis will be on the development of effective counseling practices in a variety of small group settings. Candidates will participate a counseling group and facilitate at least one group session.